English Section

      Buddhism Today 

Vietnamese Section


...... ... .  . .  .  .


destruction3.JPG (19139 bytes)


BAMIYAN: A convenient halt for trading caravans on the ancient Silk Route. Attained global fame for the world's two tallest standing Buddhas, measuring 55 and 38 m, hewn out of a rock. Largest number of Buddhist caves (around 20,000) have been dug there. The two Buddhas had faced Changez Khan's massacres and Mughal emperor Aurangzeb's cannon shots before facing Taliban tanks on Friday.


JALALABAD: Once the most sacred centre of Buddhism in Afghanistan. Known for Buddhist monuments, monastic establishments (44 stupas, temples, shrines and caves) and antiquities, particularly art objects having the Greco-Roman touch for which Hadda was archaeologists' favourite. Among sculptures and other antiquities, most notable was skull bone of Buddha, his robe and lathi (stick).


GHAZNI: Falling on the second route connecting the sub-continent with Khorasan, Persia and Asia Minor, via Kandahar, Ghazni was probably a part of Mauryan empire. Ashoka built ten stupas and `Deva' temples. Attained prominence during the rule of Kushanas and assumed significance as a centre of later Buddhism. It has a Buddhist complex at Humau Qala, decorated vihars; traits of Hinduism evident with the presence of cult of Durga (an image Mahisamardini, Goddess Durga slaying demon Buffalo found).


KAPISA (Now BAGRAM): Known to be one of the oldest towns of Afghanistan, Panini refers it as famous for wine. But it was known primarily as the summer capital of the Kushanas. Was the place for one of the Buddhist Councils and has the ruins of the palace of great Kanishka. Yielded dozens of stupas; images of Buddha, panels of life scenes of `The Great Teacher', and reliefs depicting Jataka scenes.


HERAT: Basically an Islamic site. ASI restored two Islamic monuments among which one was a Timurid tomb. It has yielded priceless Hindu statues and images. Marble images of Surya(Sun God) and Shiv Parvati were most famous.


KABUL MUSEUM: Modern Kabul was virtually a depository of priceless antiquities and rare heritage objects. It was looted often and faced acts of vandalism, particularly after the Soviet Union withdrew its forces. Among the valuable pieces, the most famous were: A Sun God image in marble, a Bodhisattva (clay) in meditation posture; home to the artefacts belonging to the Kushana period of which headless Kanishka in salwar kameez was rare.

Photo Gallery
Taliban Destroy Bamiyan Buddhas in Afghanistan
1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15
16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30


Updated: 5-3-2001

Return to "Buddhism around the World"

Top of Page